Dam in Wychitella NCR
by K Stockwell

This page provides notes on many of the national parks, nature conservation reserves and bushland areas of northern Victoria and the southern Riverina.

The reserves are arranged in alphabetical order and there are links to separate pages on some of the larger parks.

There are lots of reserves and National Parks in northern Victoria and southern NSW. Many sites and references are limited to either NSW or Victoria, something which can be very frustrating when visiting this border area. An attempt has been made to cover all but the smaller reserves.

Click on one of the listed reserves or scroll down the alphabetical list.

Major bushland areas in the area include the Ramsar-listed Barmah-Millewa and Perricoota-Gunbower forests, Whipstick-Kamarooka Forest, Rushworth area forests, the Warby Range and Terrick Terrick National Park.

There are scores of small reserves not listed here. No attempt has been made to provide detailed information about the huge national parks which exist to the north-west of the region, in 'Mallee' country - Hattah Lakes, the Little Desert, Wyperfeld, Big Desert Wilderness, Annuello Fauna Reserve (which protects the endangered Lowan ~ Mallee Fowl).

This page has been updated to account for changes resulting from the Victorian Environment Conservation Council's investigation of box-ironbark forests and woodlands and VEACs River Red Gum Investigation. The recommendations of the Natural Resources Commission of NSW have been taken into account.

The assessment reports released by the Natural Resources Commission and VEAC as part of their River Red Gum investigations contain a wealth of information and are worth studying.

Additional and official information on many of these reserves can be obtained from the Parks Victoria web site. Maps of some of these reserves, including State Game Reserves, can be downloaded from the DSE and Parks Victoria web sites in pdf form.

Parks Victoria has produced a large folded sheet guide to Victoria's Box-Ironbark Parks and Reserves.

Two excellent two-sided, cross-border maps which cover most of the region have recently been produced by Hayman's maps: Barmah-Shepparton-Deniliquin Adventure Map and Cohuna-Echuca-Gunbower Forest Activities Map (one side of which covers the Werai Forest). These maps are on sale at some local Tourist Information Centres.

Bendigo Field Naturalist Club has prepared a number of publications on the region's plants and animals.

More information about Victoria's box-ironbark country is included in a book by Chris Tzaros, Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark forests































Bushland Reserves
northern Victoria and the Southern Riverina

Black Rock
Greater Black Rock, Greater Bendigo National Park by K Stockwell

Page Three

Parks with names starting 'P' to 'Z'

There is a separate web page for each of the reserves named in the green buttons at the very top of this page. The table immediately above this text contains the names of some reserves covered on this page.

Some reserves not listed in the above tables are, nonetheless, included in the notes below which are in alphabetical order, starting with Pa through to Zz or in the notes on Page 1 (Aa to Oz).

Some smaller reserves and reserves not in the core region covered by this site (northern Victoria and the southern Riverina of New South Wales) may not be covered on these pages.

As a result of assessments of Red Gum wetlands which on public land by the Victorian Environment Assessment Council (VEAC) and the Natural Resources Commission of NSW, several new parks and reserves were gazetted in 2010. Hopefully these pages incorporate all of the changes.

In some of the listings below, topographic map names/numbers have been given; in some cases VicRoads Country Street Directory map references are given. VicRoads Country Street Directory Editions 7 and 8 show reserves and national parks in green. CFA regional map books are also useful map resources.

Paddys Ranges State Park
This 1,954ha box-ironbark forest is located close to Maryborough. A picnic area and camping area may be accessed from the Talbot to Maryborough Road. The nearby reservoir affords good birding opportunities. The gently undulating country is covered by Red Box, Red Ironbark, Yellow Gum and Grey Box, with a sparse but rich understorey. Some birds which are declining throughout their range (e.g. Swift Parrot, Crested Bellbird, Painted Button Quail and Spotted Quail Thrush) find refuge here. Mammals of the park include Echidna, Brush-tailed Phascogale and Sugar Glider. VicRoads Map 58 C/D3.

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tzaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for maps and more about Paddys Ranges NCR.

Patho Native Flora Reserve and NCR ~ Patho Flora Reserve and NCR is a small area (75ha) of native grassland west of Echuca. Because most of the indigenous grassland which covered the northern plains have been lost, this is an important reserve. It is treeless. Parks Victoria recently acquired adjoining native grassland to add to the reserve. A nearby lignum swamp may offer better birding opportunities. Location: Kelly Road, off Tomara Road, VicRoads Map 30 J3.

Peechalba State Forest; Peechalba Flora Reserve
~ see Warby Range-Ovens River National Park of which they are now part..

Pelican Island, Lake Mulwala
This island in Lake Mulwala is an important roosting site for a range of waterbirds including Australian White Ibis. CFA Rural Directory map 225 165161.

Pembelgong Forest
~ a 61 hectare precinct of Murrumbidgee Valley National Park.

Perricoota-Koondrook State Forest
Click here to enter a separate page on this forest wetland. Engineering works that resulted in forest closures until mid 2013 have been completed.

A 32,000 hectare red gum wetland and box forest on the NSW side of the Murray, downstream of Echuca and opposite Gunbower Island, is called Perricoota Forest (SF395) in the south-east near Moama and Koondrook Forest (SF625) downstream near Barham - Koondrook. Part of Australia's second largest red-gum forest, it is (along with the Gunbower Forest) one of six sites of ecological significance under the Living Murray initiative.

The forest has been logged over many decades. Box trees are found on the slightly higher areas. Access is from Perricoota Road. It is possible to enter the forest near Womboota and drive alongside the river all the way to the outskirts of Barham and return via Lower Thule Road, Perricoota Road or via Koondrook and the Murray Valley Highway (Vic). This forest is inaccessible to road vehicles after rain or flooding. Apart from foresters, most who visit are water-skiers, anglers or boaters, many of whom launch their craft at Torrumbarry. There are some delightful bush camping sites with beaches alongside the Murray River (no facilities). The best time to visit is usually between December and April. Fires are not permitted for most of the year.

The Gunbower and Koondrook-Perricoota Forests have a combined area of about 50,000 hectares. The Koondrook and Perricoota Forests (32,000 hectaqres) are included in the NSW Central Murray State Forests Ramsar site. It is an important breeding area for colonial waterbirds and is visited by migratory birds listed under international treaties with Japan (JAMBA) and China (CAMBA). Interim objectives and outcomes for actions under the First Step of the Living Murray initiative is to maintain and restore a mosaic of healthy floodplain communities, ensuring 80% of permanent and semi-permanent wetlands remains in healthy condition, 30% of River red gum forest remains in healthy condition, that successful breeding of thousands of colonial waterbirds occurs in at least three years in ten and that there are healthy populations of resident native fish in wetlands

One of the most attractive parts of this forest is in the vicinity of Kate Malone Bend, where there is a varied under-storey and where fields of everlastings carpet the forest floor following good rains or floods. At times, everlastings carpet the forest floor from here for many kilometres westwards toward Koondrook. This area is ideal for bushwalking and there are secluded camping sites alongside the Murray. Some riverside camp sites have beaches. East of Kate Malone Bend is an area of regenerating box which lacks a middle storey or under-storey and which may lack aesthetic appeal.

There are several wetland areas, most of which have been deprived of water over recent years. It is hoped to release environmental water to flood these areas from time to time, thereby promoting the breeding of waterbirds. To assist with the delivery of environmental wate to about 17,000 hectares of the forest, About $80 million was spent on engineering works between 2010 and 2013. Old regulators have been upgraded, additional regulators have been constructed, and a new channel has been constructed. Many kilometres of levee banks have been constructed to help prevent adjoining farms from being flooded.

Across the State border, much of the adjoining Gunbower Forest is now a national park.

There are smaller State Forest reserves (Guttram Vic and Campbells Island NSW) just downstream of Barham-Koondrook.

Reference maps: Keely 1:50,000 (Central Mapping Authority of New South Wales); Region 20 CFA Rural Directory maps 217, 218, 192, 193.

For more information, see Gunbower-Koondrook- Perricoota Forest page.

Perricoota Road TSR (Travelling Stock Route) reserves
~ see Moama block of Murray Valley Regional Park (Five Mile Reserve)

Piantas Road Reserve, Murray River Park
~ a small reserve alongside the Murray River downstream of Echuca off Piantas Road and across the Murray River from Moama block of Murray Valley Regional Park (Five Mile Reserve). VicRoads Map 31 C3. Now part of Murray River Park.

Pilchers Bridge Nature Conservation Reserve
Located 18km south-east of Bendigo, this 2,274 hectare reserve ~ which was clear-felled in the 1930s and disturbed by gold mining ~ supports Grey Box, Red Ironbark and Yellow Gum forest with a sparse under-storey dominated by wattles and Dropping Cassinia. Ridges support Red Stringybark, Red Box and Long-leaf Box with an under-storey of small shrubs. Access by unsealed tracks off Myrtle Creek Road or Abbots Road (VicRoads Map 44 H8). Some species which have been observed in this reserve include Yellow-footed Antechinus, Sugar Glider, Bush Stone Curlew, Speckled Warbler, Powerful Owl, Barking Owl, White's Skink, Common Spadefoot Toad and Perons Tree Frog. Apparently there is a gully in which some uncommon bird species are sometimes sighted. VicRoads Map 44 H8.

See DPI page on this site and/or Chris Tzaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for maps and more about Pilchers Bridge NCR.

Pine Grove grassland
~ a small area (38ha) of endangered northern plains grassland alongside the Mitiamo-Echuca Road. Gilgais and natural drainage lines are still present. Now an outlying part of Terrick Terrick National Park. VicRoads Map 30 J5.

Plumpton Wildlife Area
~ 160ha of public land 5km north-east of Kerang which is being restored as bushland by local residents. It provides habitat for the endangered Grey-crowned Babbler, Curl Snake and Bush Stone Curlew. VicRoads Map 20 G5.

Polly McQuinn's
Polly McQuinn's Weir is located on Seven Creeks between Euroa-Mansfield Road and Merton-Strathbogie Road where McQuinn's Road and Galls Gap Road meet 4km south-east of Strathbogie (VicRoads Map 47D8). The weir supports a variety of water birds and the surrounding bushland also provides good habitat. There is a small, free camping area with toilets. VicRoads Map 47 D8.

The nearby Gooram Falls Reserve affords good birding opportunities. There are toilets downstream of the falls.

Prairie NCR
~ 35ha of public land alongside Myer Creek at Prairie (south-west of Echuca).

Pyramid Creek NCR
~ 50 ha of presently uncategorised public land south-east of Kerang, containing Chenopod Grassland around a Lignum Wetland.

Pyramid Hill
A walking track can be followed on public land from the base of Pyramid Hill through degraded bushland to the summit. From the top, visitors can obtain extensive views of the surrounding plains. Pyramid Hill township lies to the west of the reserve.
VicRoads Map 30 D2.

Quinn Island
The only reserve listed on these pages that commences with the letter Q, Quinn Island (also known as Scotts Island) is a 40 hectare island, 1.8 kilometres from Cobram. Scotts Creek separates the island from the Murray River and the town. Access to the island is via a 15 metre pedestrian bridge crossing the creek.

In 1991 local community groups including Apex and Rotary worked with the local council to build an access bridge and install a bird hide on the island.

Quinn Island is one of the best examples of Riverine Grassy River Red Gum Floodplains along the Murray River.There are more than 120 species of grasses and herbs, with a mix of River Red Gum and Silver Wattle Trees. Native fauna species includes Black Swamp Wallabies, Sugar Gliders, Wedge-tailed Eagles, Kookaburras and Koalas.

It has been recommended as a Nature Conservation Reserve and, at least until recently, managed by Parks Victoria as part Murray River Reserve and part Cobram Regional Park.

Quinn Island has about two kilometres of defined walking trails, a large educational bird hide and beaches. In places on the island, there are Aboriginal Scar Trees, "Mussel Mines" and abandoned Charcoal Pits.

During 2005 improvements to walking tracks, interpretation and signage were undertaken and a number of awards were won by a Work for the Dole team and Parks Victoria.

Red Gum Swamp Wildlife Area
Located north of McDonald Swamp, south-west of Koondrook, this 148 hectare wetland contains saltbush, lignum and dead River Red Gums. VicRoads Map 21 C5.

Reed Beds, Murray Valley National Park
~ part of Murray Valley National Park, The Reed Beds are located alongside Gulpa Creek east of Mathoura. About 1,000 hectares was fenced and declared a 1,000ha 'exclosure' about 16 years ago. A 'new' waterbird observation structure has been constructed just off Mathoura-Picnic Point Road (west of the Tocumwal turnoff), replacing an older hide which was not readily accessible during flood times. The new structure has been constructed so that it is accessible even in a one in 100 year flood and so it is wheelchair accessible. The Reed Beds are often dry but are a major colonial waterbird breeding location when this wetland contains water. Experiences seasonal flooding from Gulpa Creek. During the summer and autumn of 2010-11, both Little and Australasian Bitterns were observed in this wetland.

During 2012, the car park was sealed and a toilet was constructed. Information signs have recently been replaced with new ones, many of which are "interactive and designed to appeal to younger demographics.

See Barmah-Millewa Forest.

Walkway to bird hide,The Reed Beds, Moira Forest (K Stockwell)

Reedy Lagoon, Gunbower Island
a wetland on Gunbower Island best accessed via Spences Bridge Road. VicRoads Map 21 D5.

Reedy Lagoon, June 2008 (K Stockwell)

Reedy Swamp, Shepparton
This wetland is at the western end of Wanganui Road on the northern edge of Shepparton. Environmental water is often released into this wetland and it often supports thousands of water birds. Most of the Red Gum wetlands along the Goulburn downstream of here, as far as the confluence of the Goulburn and Murray Rivers, is now Lower Goulburn National Park but this swamp is not expected to be part of the national park. VicRoads Map 672 G1 , H1, G2, H2.

linkSee also Lower Goulburn River National Park

Reedy Swamp, Shepparton (K. Stockwell)

Reef Hills State Park
A 2,013ha park straddling the Hume Freeway about five kilometres south of Benalla. There is a parking area alongside the Midland Highway (VicRoads Map 47 H3). The park provides habitat for a number of threatened plant and animal species, including Large Forest Bat, Sloanes Froglet, Squirrel Glider, Tawny Frogmouth, Turquoise Parrot, Swift Parrot, Gang Gang Cockatoo, Painted Honeyeater, Gilberts Whistler, Regent Honeyeater and Bush Stone Curlew.

Tawny Frogmouth (D Ong)

It is a herb-rich woodland dominated by Red Box, Red Stringybark and Long-leaf Box. In alluvial soils to the south of the park, River Red Gum, Yellow Box and White Box dominate. August is, perhaps, the best time to visit the park insofar as many of the trees are in blossom and Swift Parrots may be observed. VicRoads Map 47 G/H 3.

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tsaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for maps and more about Reef Hills NCR.

Reference Areas
Reference Areas are often sections of reserves which are in near pristine condition, with relatively few weeds. They are useful to researchers and help authorities assess the health of reserved areas in general. Some are in more remote parts of reserves. They vary in size. Toupnein Creek Reference area, for example is 1659 hectares in size whereas on in the Top End of Barmah Forest is 124 hectares. A reference area in Terrick Terrick National Park includes an area of Casuarina trees and has a more diversified vegetation mix than much of the remaining woodland. Reference Areas are often fenced and public access is discouraged. Logging, grazing, fuel-reduction burns and vehicles are not permitted in Reference Areas. More information about Reference Areas is deliberately excluded from these pages.

Richardsons (Baillieu's) Lagoon Wildlife Reserve
See Baillieu's Lagoon

Richardsons Lagoon
Richardsons (Baillieus) Lagoon (D Ong)

Also know as Baillieu's Lagoon (after the family that "developed" the surrounding farmland), Richardsons Lagoon is a 120 hectare freshwater marsh located on the Murray River floodplain within a 248 hectare State Wildlife Reserve. Richardson's Lagoon, a cut-off meander, is located north of the Murray Valley Highway between Echuca and Torrumbarry. Access is via Baillieu Road which loops around the lagoon in a semi-circle. A pipe has been put in place to enable environmental water to be delivered to this wetland. North Central CMA aims to fill Richardson's Lagoon twice (and maintain water levels for up to three years) every ten years. The lagoon will be allowed to dry out between fills. The lagoon is surrounded by native bushland. Much of the bushland is on sandhills. The sandhill area supports one of only five in tact pre-European settlementsandhill vegetation communities. A genetically isolated stand of Southern Sandalwood grows on the sandhills. Birds observed in the reserve over recent years include Magpie Goose (uncommon in Victoria), Brolga, White-breasted Sea-eagle, Diamond Firetail, Grey-crowned Babbler, Bush Stone Curlew and Black-tailed Native Hen. Grazing and timber harvesting are no longer allowed.The reserve contains evidence of aboriginal occupation. The lagoon has been open to shooters during recent duck seasons despite the strong objections of surrounding landholders who are campaigning to update the area to a Nature Conservation Reserve. VicRoads Map 31 B2 north-east of the Murray Valley Highway. VicRoads Map 31 B2.

Roslynmead Grasslands (part of Terrrick Terrick National Park)
~ two paddocks of highly diverse and endangered northern plains grassland (six threatened plant species observed) between Davis and Murray roads Roslynmead (west of Echuca) ( VicRoads Map 30 J3). Total area: 574 hectares.
These paddocks are now blocks of Terrick Terrick National Park.
VicRoads Map 30 J3

Round Lake
Located on the southern side of Lake Boga township between the road to Tresco West Bushland Reserve and the road to Goschen Reserve, Round Lake is kept filled using environmental water. Salinity is maintained between 25,000 and 40,000 EC to ensure appriate conditions for Murray Hardyhead, a small fish that is endangered. Birds often observed on Round Lake include Eurasian Coot, Black Swan, Australasian Grebe and Grey Teal. Sometimes a handful of waders can be observed around the shoreline.

Rowland Wildlife Reserve
This reserve of 143 hectares features heathy wetland with Black Box located south-east of Hird Swamp and north-west of Flannery's Reserve.
Much revegetation work has been carried out using indigenous vegetation. The reserve, which has a Pyramid Creek frontage, can be accessed from Kerang-Leitchville Road, Flannery's Road and Mincha-West Cohuna Road. CFA Region 20 Rural Directory map 216 425 255; VicRoads Map 21 D8.

Runnymeade Natural Features Reserve
Located between the Northern Highway (B75) and the Campaspe River about 5km south of Elmore, this red gum wetland is a roadside stop for motorists and is often littered with rubbish. Nonetheless, unlike Runnymeade NCR, it is a very good birding spot. Some of the birds frequently observed here include White-winged Chough (look for mud nest), Rainbow Bee-eater (summer), Crested Shrike-tit, Restless Flycatcher, Brown Tree-creeper, Azure Kingfisher and Sacred Kingfisher as well as corellas and Sulphur-crested Cockatoo. There are several very old trees with hollows. There are picnic tables but there is no longer a toilet VicRoads Map 45 C2.

Runnymeade Natural Features Reserve (K Stockwell)

Runnymeade Nature Conservation Reserve
This is an isolated box-ironbark bushland, 240 hectares in size, east of the B75 and west of Colbinabbin. The reserve bears scars of gold mining. Being isolated from other areas of bushland, its birdlife is often somewhat disappointing. Many of the trees are multi-stemmed regrowth. To avoid disappointment, hope for little and expect less. VicRoads Map 45 D3.

Rutherglen NCR
~ a small reserve south-east of Rutherglen and east of Lilliput. VicRoads Map 34 J3.

Salomon Gully NCR
~ see Solomon Gully.

Sand-dune Pine Flora Reserve (now part of Murray Valley National Park)
see Barmah...

Shelbourne Nature Conservation Reserve
An 712 hectare block west of Bendigo with a diverse vegetation. Swift Parrots and Brush-tailed Phascogale are sometimes observed here during Winter. The Bendigo-Maryborough Road runs through this reserve. VicRoads Map 44 C6.

Shepparton Regional Park
~ 2,800 hectares of Red Gum bushland alongside the Goulburn River and Midland Highway between Shepparton and Mooroopna. The new Lower Goulburn National Park is further downstream.
VicRoads Map 673.

St. Arnaud Range National Park and St. Arnaud Regional Park
These reserves near St. Arnaud, to the west of the region covered by this site, protect a large relatively in-tact Box-Ironbark landscape.The national park incorporates the former Kara Kara State Park and some people are lobbying for the Kara Kara name to again be used. There are some old Red Ironbark and Grey Box trees, some of which have hollows useful for birds and other wildlife. The understorey is dominated by wattles. Camping is permitted at a site alongside Upper Teddington Reservoir. There are several nature conservation reserves near St Arnaud, including Gowar NCR, Gowar South NCR, Hard Hills NCR and Stony Creek NCR. VicRoads Map 42 E/F 5 to E/F 9.

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tsaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for more about St Arnaud Range National Park.

Solomon Gully NCR
~ a 20ha area of bushland west of Flora hill Cemetery (Bendigo) with intact under-storey, including Ausfields Wattle. It is being impacted upon by infrastructure associated with nearby underground mining. VicRoads Map 283 L18. Spelt as Salomon Gully in some publications.

linkSee Greater Bendigo National Park page

Spring Creek NCR
~ an enclave within the Heathcote-Graytown National Park north of Graytown along the Nagambie-Rushworth Road. (VicRoads Map 46 B5.

indentSee Heathcote-Graytown National Park page and/or Chris Tsaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for more information.

Spring Plains NCR
~ a small reserve between Tooborac and Heathcote south-west of the B75. Access from the Northern Highway (B75) is via Campbells Track. VicRoads Map 45 D/E 9.

Stevens Weir
Stevens Weir is site of a 98 hectare reserve which the Natural Resources Commission has recommended become an Indigenous Protected Area .The weir and surrounding wetland lies along the Edward River upstream of the Werai Forest. Since the weir was constructed in 1935, it has been a popular picnicking area. The weir pool enables water to be delivered to the Tullakool Irrigation Area via Colligen Creek and the Wakool Main Channel.

Tang Tang Swamp Wildlife Area
This 129 hectare reserve lies immediately north of Dingee-Rochester Road, north of Thunder Swamp and west of Winghee Swamp (which sometimes supports Brolga). Shooting of game is often allowed here during duck season. CFA Region 2 Directory, Map 252, grid reference 574 720.
VicRoads Map 30 F7.

Tarnagulla Flora Reserve
See Waanyarra NCR into which has been absorbed.

Terrick Terrick East Block, Terrick Terrick National Park
This area of indigenous grassland lies to the east of the main section of Terrick Terrick National Park.

Terrick Terrick National Park
A separate page has been created for Terrick Terrick National Park. To enter it, click here.

A shortened version of the notes on the Terricks page follows:

Better known to locals as Mitiamo Rock, Mt. Terrick Terrick is a low granitic outcrop rising above the flat riverine plains at Mitiamo, west of Echuca, in northern Victoria. This hill, and two others, are covered in bushland but surrounded by a sea of farmland. The park is important because it protects one of the few areas of relatively undisturbed vegetation in northern Victoria as well as an area of grassy lowland plain, an endangered ecosystem.

The purchase in the 1990s of an adjoining 1262 hectare property, which is covered in native grasses and which contains more Plains Wanderers than any area of comparable size in Victoria, plus the largest dunnart colony in Victoria, means the park's status was upgraded from a State Park to a National Park (3,854ha). The grassland section adjoins the former State Park and extends the park north-eastwards and across Bendigo Creek. The creek area includes Lignum (a thin-leafed shrub which provides protection for small birds) and River Red Gum. The new addition means Terrick Terrick National Park has the largest native grassland area of any Victorian conservation park.

Indigenous grasslands and Ms Davies old house
Terrick Terrick National Park (K Stockwell)

Before the initial grassland addition, the park covered an area of 2,500 hectares. Additions increased the size to about 3,854 hectare. Late in 2009, the Victorian Parliament past an act to incorporate outlying paddocks of indigenous grassland into the park, further increasing its size to about 5,900 hectares. A long length of Bendigo Creek was subsequently added to the park.

Terrick Terrick National Park has Victoria's largest stand of native White Cypress Pine, meaning some forested parts of the park have a European rather than Australian appearance.

Terrick Terrick protects several species of plant which are rare and threatened in the region, e.g. Annual Buttons, Pepper Grass, Bottle Bluebush, Fragrant Leech Orchid, Murray Swainson Pea, Deane's Wattle and Shiny Correa. The Grey Kangaroo, Black Wallaby and Tree Goanna are common here. Birds likely to be observed include Gilbert's Whistler, Mallee Ringneck, Cockatiel, Diamond Firetail, Peaceful Dove, Grey-crowned Babbler and Brown Tree Creeper.

Near Reigal Rock there are some aboriginal wells, both large and small, one of which still has a rock cover lying alongside it! And the cap fits.

There is a well-kept picnic ground at the base of Mt Terrick Terrick (Mitiamo Rock) and overnight camping is permitted in a recently relocated camp ground (contact the ranger on 5450 3951 in advance). The camp ground is now separate from the day visitor area.

There are no motels or holiday flats in the immediate area. Such accommodation is available, however, in Echuca-Moama, Lockington, Pyramid Hill (hotel), Cohuna, Gunbower (hotel and caravan park) and elsewhere.

Mt Terrick Terrick illustrates the old saying that what is a mountain in one region may not even be called a hill in another: it is a mere 95 metres high. The "Rock" can be climbed in a few minutes but allows great views across the very flat plains of northern Victoria.

Rock Isotome
Rock Isotome on Mitiamo Rock (D Ong)

Now that cattle grazing ended and rabbit numbers have fallen, the vegetation is recovering; there are lots of young pine trees and everlastings are thriving. In places, wattle, Hakea and hop bush are reappearing. Unfortunately introduced weeds like Paterson's Curse and Capeweed are a problem . Sheep will continue to lightly graze the grasslands area to help keep introduced grasses at bay and to encourage the growth of native grasses.

Apart from Mt Terrick Terrick itself, few visit this park. But it is worth a visit, especially in Spring when the everlastings are in bloom. Echuca birders visit here from time to time and never seem to get tired of the place! Brolgas are sometimes seen alongside Bendigo Creek or in the vicinity of the nearby township of Mitiamo.

The new addition was managed by the Davies family, on a low-input basis, grazing stock at conservative levels, since the early 1900s. They had no need to add super phosphate, herbicides and other chemicals. Fortunately for animals such as the Plains Wanderer and the Hooded Scaley-foot, and plants such as Plains Leek-orchid and Annual Buttons, the owners were not tempted by the economic returns supposedly offered by the addition of super phosphate and so forth. Rather, they preferred the conservative approach and enjoyed a unique lifestyle. No less than 27 of the 1200 indigenous pants recorded for the property are of significance. Annual Buttons, which grows on the property and no where else, was believed to be extinct until discovered growing on this property.

At least until the end of the recent drought, the grasslands supported the largest known colony of Plains-wanderers in Victoria. The Plains-wanderer is a small bird resembling Button Quail. This is a fastidious bird, demanding native grasses and daisies and grassland tall enough to conceal it from predators. Its plumage offers excellent camouflage. A Deniliquin bird enthusiast, has sighted 27 Plains Wanderer on the recently-acquired grassland area. Parks Victoria believe that over 100 individuals of this species live within the Park.

Since the breaking of the drought and subsequent floods of 2011 and 2012, very few, if any, Plains-wanderers have been observed in the park during 201q1 and 2012. The grass cover became too thick and too high to meet the needs of the Plains-wanderer.

The endangered Hooded Scaley-foot is a legless lizard which grows up to 450mm in length.

A number of indigenous grassland paddocks are now part of this national park, and include Terrick Terrick East block (corner Tomara Road and Clee Road), Tomara Gilgais, Roslynmead grasslands (between Davis and Murray roads), Patho grassland (off Kelly Road), Kotta grassland (alongside Whitfield Road), The Meadows (Davis Road), Pinegrove grassland (alongside Mitiamo-Echuca Road), Wanurpblock (alongside Pinegrove Road), Canegrass block (off Baxter Road).

The Meadows has a marshy area which, when it contains water, attracts many water birds.

See also Millewa NCR (south end of Cantwell Road) and Glassons Grassland (q.v.)

The best time for hiking here is in spring. It is usually very hot in summer. In summer and autumn, gaiters are advisable to protect against grass seeds. March flies can be annoying in autumn. It is wise to avoid walking through high grass: the Brown Snake is found here. A circuit could incorporate Mitiamo Rock, Reigal's Rock and Rogers Road. Parks Victoria or The Friends of Terrick Terrick National Park usually run an open day on the grasslands in early October each year.

The cemetery area, the vegetation of which remains relatively undisturbed, is worth visiting: some plants not common in the Park are found here, e.g. Sandalwood and Hakea to the east of the cemetery. Many wildflowers grow on the mown area of the cemetery.

A 'Friends' group was formed in 2006.

Access off Mitiamo Forest Road, at southern end of park. As the pamphlet box at entrance is sometimes empty, it is wise to download the Park Notes from the Parks Victoria site before visiting.

VicRoads Map 30 E4. Topographic map: Mitiamo-Patho 7725-N 1:50,000 (VicMap). VicRoads Map 30 E/F 3/4

Terrick Terrick page (includes more information, photos and notes about the Friends of Terrick Terrick)

Click here to download a brochure on birding spots of Terrick Terrick National Park

Parks Victoria Terrick Terrick National Park Page

Terrick Terrick East Grassland
This 212 hectare grassland reserve at the corner of Tomara and Clee Roads, east of Terrick Terrick N.P. not only provides suitable habitat for the endangered Plains Wanderer but also contains populations of two nationally threatened plants, Chariot Wheels and Slender Darling Pea. This former Nature Conservation Reserve has been 'added' to Terrick Terrick National Park. VicRoads Map 30 G/H 3.

The Granites NCR, Wychitella NCR
~ see Mt. Egbert and Wychitella NCR. Good birding at the mountain's base. VicRoads Map 29 C6.

The Grantites
The Granites (Mt. Egbert)
part of Wychitella NCR
(K Stockwell)

The Meadows
~ a grassland with a marshy area, nowa satellite of Terrick Terrick National Park.
This is often a good bird-watching area.

The Rock Nature Reserve
~ an upland bush reserve 8km west of The Rock and north-east of the region covered by this site.

Tholobin precinct, Murray Valley National Park
~ 190 hectares in the Berriquin area. Grey Box Woodland grows on plains, Black Box is dominant alongside streams and native pine is the dominant tree on lundettes and sand ridges.

Thornley precinct, Murray Valley National Park
This 66 hectare former State Forest is alongside the Murray River in NSW to the east of the Barmah-Millewa Forest.
On 1st July 2010, this forest wetland became a block of the Murray Valley National Park.

Thule State Forest
Thule State Forest (SF367) is a 131 hectare non-permanent wetland area in NSW bordering Perricoota Road north-west of its (eastern) intersection with Lower Thule Road. To the south-east, Green Gully State Forest all but adjoins it. The Natural Resources Commission has suggested that either a covenant be placed on this land and that it be sold OR that it be a research and rehabilitation reserve.

See also Toroga Wildlife Reserve (Thule Swamp).

Thunder Swamp Wildlife Reserve ~ Aitkens Road Tandarra, north of Bendigo, and south of Tang Tang Swamp. This ephemeral wetland covers 129 hectares. CFA Region 2 Directory, Map 287 GR 555 640. VicRoads Map 30 F 8/9.
VEAC recommends the creation of a 90 ha Nature Conservation Reserve in which shooting will not be permitted.

Tocumwal Regional Park ~ two reserves north-west of Cobram, one of which fronts the Murray River. There are a number of sandy beaches.
VEAC recommends this be included in the proposed Murray River Park.

Tomara Gilgais
336 hectares of endangered northern plains grassland south of Terrick Terrick East NCR. Plains-wanderer and Brolga have been observed on the grassland which features some significant flora, including Umbrella Wattle, Spiny Lignum and Yakka Grass.
VEAC's draft proposal is for this NCR to be a block of Terrick Terrick National Park.
Gilgais are small depressions in grassland plains.

Tooborac NCR
This is a small reserve along the Tooborac-Seymour Road. An interesting form of Grevillea alpina grows in the reserve.
VicRoads Map 60 F/G 2.

Grevillea alpina
Grevillea alpina (D Ong)

Too-rour State Forest and Lima Falls
Native bushland in the vicinity of Lima Falls affords good birding opportunities. Access is via Old Bonnie Doon Road and Police Road. Some covenanted high-quality adjoining bushland is privately owned. The adjoining Hancock pine plantations are better managed (from an ecological point of view) than most pine forests, with indigenous shrubs in the understorey and ecological corridors connecting with bushland areas.
VicRoads Map 47 G7 (falls not marked).

Tootool Wetlands
Located 12km west of The Rock along Henderson Road (southern NSW), this naturally occurring wetland is managed by Milbulong Landcare Group.

Torogo Wildlife Reserve
This wetland is located alongside the Barham-Moama Road east of its (western) intersection with the Lower Thule Road. The reserve includes Thule Swamp and a section of Thule Creek.

Torrumbarry area reserves
There are a number of riverfront reserves near Torrumbarry Weir. Most are along the Murray River. Wills Bend is popular with campers, anglers and boaters. One small reserve alongside the National Channel supports a Melaleuca Forest. There are several excellent birding spots, including Richardsons (Baillieu's) Lagoon and Torrumbarry Weir. Most of these reserves are now part of either Gunbower National Park or Murray River Park.

Tottington Nature Conservation Reserve
An open forest dominated by Red Ironbark, grey Box and Red Box, this 2120 hectare reserve is located 23km south-west of St. Arnaud. In places, it closely resembles the original pre-European box-ironbark landscape, with some old trees and an herbaceous ground layer. Access via Kanya Road. VicRoads Map 42 C6.

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tsaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for more about Tottington NCR.

Toupna Creek Reserve
Located off Mills Road (which runs of Fishermen's Bend Road) in the Millewa State Forest (NSW), this reserve (FR119) is an area of Grey Box and a good spot to look for Painted Quail. Benefited from an environmental water release in November 2009 and the floods of 2010-11. Shooting is not permitted in the reserve.

Tragowel Swamp Wildlife Reserve
~ a 274 hectare 'important' wetland south of Kerang with scattered Black Box. it supports an ibis rookery. Shooting is not permitted. CFA Region 20 Rural Directory, Map 191 (F) GR 670 330.
VEAC proposes upgrading the reserve to a NCR. As is presently the case, shooting will not be permitted.

Tresco West Bushland Reserve
This small mallee reserve alongside the seldom-used Lake Boga golf course is of immense importance because it and the adjoining lake support a huge variety of bush birds, waders and water birds. When the adjoining lake contains water and when there are many plants in flower, over 60 species may be observed over the course of a few hours. At other times, numbers are much lower. Blue Bonnets (parrots) live here. Bird observers often combine their visit with a trip to Goschen Bushland Reserve and the Kerang Lakes.

Tresco West Bushland Reserve contains Berrigan or Long-leaf Emu-bush (Eremophila longifolia) that acts as a food source for nomadic honeyeaters such as Black Honeyeater and Pied Honeyeater.

Weeping Pittosporum
Weeping Pittosporum
in Tresco West Bushland Reserve
(K Stockwell)

Weeping Pittosporum is also present. There are Box and Callitris Pine trees, many of which are heavily infested with mistletoe.

Mistletoe on a tree at Tresco West Bushland Reserve (K Stockwell)

When it contains water, the salt lake alongside the reserve (Golf Course Lake) sometimes attracts large numbers of Red-necked Avocet, Black-winged Stilt and migratory waders.

Blue Bonnet at Tresco West (D Ong)

Some of the more interesting bird species recorded here include Spotted Harrier; Little and Painted Button-quail; Red-backed Kingfisher; Budgerigar; Cockatiel; Blue Bonnet; Mulga Parrot; Variegated Fairy-wren; White-winged Fairy-wren; Yellow-throated Miner; Singing, Yellow-plumed, Striped, White-fronted, Pied and Black Honeyeater; Crimson and Orange Chat; Hooded and Red-capped Robin; Masked, Black-faced, White-breasted, White-browed and Dusky Woodswallow; Zebra Finch and Pied Butcherbird. VicRoads Map 14 C10 (look for golf course).

linkTim Dolby's blog: a birding trip to Tresco's Bushland Reserve

Tungamah Nature Conservation Reserve
This 883 hectare reserve includes Tungamah Swamp and Rowan Swamp. It provides habitat for many threatened species, including Red-chested Button Quail, Grey-crowned Babbler, Plains Leek Orchid, Bluish Raspwart, Buloke, Small Scurf Pea and Spurred Spear-grass.
VicRoads Map 33 G4.

South of Tungamah, a 321 hectare natural features reserve, varying in width from 40 to 1,215 metres along Boosey Creek, has been set aside to protect remnant grassy Box woodland. Although thin in width, the reserve extends for about 20km and is managed in conjunction with Broken-Boosey State Park with which it shares a management plan.

Tuppal (Bullatale) precinct, Murray Valley Nagtional Park
The 984 hectare Tuppal State Forest is the northern tip of the Barmah-Millewa Forest.
On 1st July 2010, this area became a block of the Murray Valley Nationall Park. For location and access, see Hayman's Barmah-Millewa Forest Activities map.

Tutchewop Wildlife Area (G85)
See Lake Tutchewop.

Two Tree Swamp Wildlife Reserve ~ a cane grass wetland which adjoins One Tree Swamp and which is located south-west of Stanhope. Managed by Parks Victoria and sometimes supplied with water as a drought refuge for water birds. Environmental water was released into the swamp in May 2008. CFA Map 290 120575. VicRoads Map 45 G2.
(Proposed NCR, with One Tree Swamp, in which shooting will not be allowed)

Ulupna Island
This red gum forest is located in Victoria upstream of the Barmah-Millewa Forest, north of Strathmerton. Morgans Beach is a popular beach located between Ulupna Island State Forest and Barmah Forest. Reference: Strathmerton 7926-S 1:50,000 (Central Mapping Authority of New South Wales).

linkSee Barmah-Millewa Forest page on this site

Uri Forest (a precinct of Murrumbidgee Valley National Park)
251 hectares of Uri Forest, which is located in NSW west of Darlington Point, is
part of Murrumbidgee Valley National Park. There is a good camping area in the forest at Beaumonts Beach, at the end of Britts Road which is north of the Sturt Highway.

Victoria Park, Echuca ~ "Scenic Reserve"
At the northern end of High Street Echuca, between the Campaspe and Murray rivers, is a 95 hectare reserve which includes remnant native bushland, Victoria Park Scenic Reserve. In the very early days of European settlement, the area was used by NSW police based in Goulburn as a horse paddock. Yorta Yorta nations used it and the adjoining rivers as a major source of food, including water birds, crayfish and wallabies.

It was a police paddock until 1865 when a 215 acre reserve was gazetted. It was to be managed by the then Borough of Echuca. In 1909, the remaining police paddock area was incorporated into the park. Subsequently, in 1913, a 10 acre section was excised for a high school. The Shire of Campaspe remains responsible for the management of the reserve apart from a sandhill section which the high school was allowed to fence and restore in the 1990s.

Whilst most of the area remains bushland, a section has been set aside for sporting grounds and a caravan park. The bushland section contains a large number of old trees with hollows. It is an important refuge for wildlife. In summer, Rainbow Bee-eaters nest in the sandhills. Also over summer, Dollarbirds nest in trees alongside the Campaspe River.

Whilst red gums (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) line the rivers, the clay flats are covered by Black Box (Eucalyptus largiflorens). A fenced sandhill in the reserve marks the edge of a prior lake. The sandhill is covered in Callitris (Native Pine).

In places where flooding is uncommon, there are areas of Yellow Gum (Eucalyptus melliodora) and Grey Box. Shrubs include Dwarf Cherry (Exocarpus stricta), Gold Dust Wattle (Acacia acinacea), Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha) and Silver Wattle (Acacia dealbata). Many native grasses survive in the reserve. Ground plants include Rice flower (Pimelea) and Flax Lilly (Dianella).

The area is widely used by local residents and visitors for recreational purposes. Many go jogging and walking in the reserve. Every day, many jog or drive around "the Scenic Drive".

Much work is being done to lessen weed infestations. Bridal Creeper is a major problem.

It is possible that a new road river crossing will pass through the high school and grass tennis courts. There is considerable opposition to this alignment as the following site indicates.

VicRoads Map 596 F4. Access is off Crofton Street.
VEAC recommended that the bushland area of Victoria Park become part of Murray River Park. The remainder is to remain as a recreational area.

Vinifera Forest
~ a red gum forest in Victoria between Nyah West and Beverford (Mallee Region). A section is part of the 1,370 hectare Nyah-Vinifera Park. Traditional owners, the Wadi Wadi people, are involved with the management of this reserve.

Waanyara Nature Conservation Reserve
This 2,927 ha north-east of Dunolly surrounds Tarnagulla. An extensive area of box-ironbark forest between Dunolly and Tarnagulla. The reserve incorporates the former Tarnagulla Flora Reserve and provides habitat for a number of threatened species, including Powerful Owl, Swift Parrot and Dainty Phebalium. Timber harvesting continues in State Forest adjoining this reserve. VicRoads Map 43 F6.

Wakool riverside reserves
There are a few narrow State Forests alongside the Wakool River north-west of Barham. The largest, Wetuppa Forest (now a precinct of a national park) is about 25km long and is a continuation of a section of Noorong Forest (SF201), the two being separated only by the Swan Hill-Tullakool Road. These are seldom visited but some afford pleasant camp sites and are likely to interest field naturalists. Shooting is not permitted and a wood fire ban applies over the warmer months.

(Big and Little) Wallenjoe Swamp
Wallenjoe Swamp is 425 ha Wildlife Area east of Lake Cooper and immediately south of Mansfield Swamp. When the wetland contains water, brolgas are often observed here. It relies on local runoff and storm events for water. No environmental water delivery appears possible. VicRoads Map 31 F9.

often observed in Wallenjoe Swamp (D Ong)

Wandella Flora and Fauna Reserve (formerly Wandella State Forest & Recreation Reserve) ~
Shown on the map below, this 981 hectare reserve is located 5km west of Kerang, bisected by the C262. The dominant tree is Black Box with an understorey of Lignum, herbs and grasses. Access is via tracks off Kerang-Quambatook Road (C262). VicRoads Map 20 F5.

Wandella Map

Warby Range - Ovens River National Park ~ including Killawarra Forest
Warby-Ovens National Park includes the former Warby Range State Park, Killawarra State Forest, Lower Ovens State Forest, Lower Ovens Regional Park and Peechelba Flora Reserve.

A separate page has been created for Warby-Ovens National Park. Click here to enter.

Parks Victoria's Warby-Ovens National Park Page

See also Mt Meg Nature Conservation Reserve (above).

Wanurp Grasslands (former NCR; now part of Terrick Terrick National Park)
This 120 hectare Patho Plain grassland is on south-eastern corner of the Bendigo-Tennyson Road and Echuca-Mitiamo Road 14km east of Mitiamo. It is known habitat for Bush Stone Curlew, Plains-wanderer, Curl Snake, Pale Flax Lily and Red Swainson Pea. It is now a part of Terrick Terrick National Park. VicRoads Map 30 H5.

Wehla Nature Conservation Reserve
Located north-west of Bendigo, this is a small area of 'Alluvial Terraces Herb-rich Woodland'
. It provides habitat for the Swift Parrot and often affords very good birding. VicRoads Map 43 B3. Topographic map: Rheola North 7624-4-N 1:25,000 (VicMap).

Wellsford Forest
This box-ironbark forest lies between Bendigo and Axedale. When ironbark is in flower, it is usually alive with various species of Honeyeater and other birds. This forest is sometimes logged in places but probably should not be as it is very slow to recover without active management, e.g. to curtail Dodder vines.

Part of Wellsford Forest has been incorporated into Bendigo Regional Park. Hopefully, more will be. The dominant trees include Yellow Gum, Ironbark, Grey Box and various species of Mallee. Understorey plants include Whirrakee Wattle (Acacia williamsonii), Bent-leaf Wattle and Gold-dust Wattle all of which are particularly attractive when in full bloom. Much of the forest is a silvaculture plot. There are a few big ironbarks between one and two kilometres west of Mt Sugarloaf. Private bushland (Gunyah Valley Farm; accommodation available) to the north-east is of higher conservation value than most of the public land, the owners having kept under-storey in tact; they have created wetland areas for birds. The eastern side of the forest, Mt Sugarloaf Nature Conservation Reserve, affords good bushwalking and birding opportunities and supports a range (no pun intended) of vegetation types. VicRoads Map 44 J5 shows Sugarloaf NCR.

See also: Bendigo Regional Park

See also: Mount Sugarloaf Nature Conservation Reserve

Welton NCR
VEAC recommended the creation of a 162 ha reserve at Welton, north-west of Echuca, near Torrumbarry, incorporating the Patho Wildlife Reserve.

Werai Forest
The Werai State Forest (SF384) is a 9,464 hectare Red Gum wetland area alongside of the Edward, north-west of Deniliquin. Werai State Forest is located on the southern side of The Edward. Adjoining it on the north-north-east side of The Edward, is the 239 hectare Barratta Creek State Forest (SF692) and, upstream of it, the 1,295 hectare Banangalite State Forest (SF88-91) and the 1.040 hectare Morago Forest (SF92-97). Closer to Deniliquin are the two small blocks of Stevens Weir State Forest (SF989).

The Natural Resources Commission has recommended that all five State Forests become an Indigenous Protected Area, jointly managed national park, or private covenanted land.

It is hoped that this forested area can be added to the list of Living Murray icon sites and/or that it can be flooded more often. Without periodic flooding, the forest will deteriorate further. Although part of the forest was flooded in 2004, it has been in a parlous state. A limited amount of environmental water was released into the forest wetlands late in 2009.

To access Werai Forest from Deniliquin, take Wakool Road, then Calimo Road and then Rangemore Road. A number of side roads, one of which is near the bridge over Gwynnes Creek, lead into the forest. Werai River Road runs the length of the forest more-or-less alongside the Edward River (on the south-western side of the river). A small amount of environmental water was released into this stressed forest late in November 2009.

Wetuppa precinct, Murray Valley National Park
~ a long, thin 1,003 hectareforest alongside the Wakool River, east of Swan Hill. 910 hectares of this forest wetland, along with Niemur State Forest and Noorong State Forest, became part of Murray Valley National Park in mid 2010.

Wharparilla Bushland, Murray River Park
This is a small (usually dry) wetland area on the north-western outskirts of Echuca alongside the Murray Valley Highway. Part of the new Murray River Park.

Whipstick Nature Conservation Reserve
83 hectares near Bendigo

Whipstick State Park
Now part of Greater Bendigo National Park. Greater Bendigo National Park

South of Rushworth, Whroo Historic Reserve consists of almost 500 hectares of of forested land encompassing the site of the now abandoned Whroo township, protects remnants of gold-mining days and protects an area of box-ironbark forest which supports a diversity of birds, including a wide range of honeyeaters, when the ironbarks are in bloom. It is popular with bird observers and sightseers. A private tea room/information centre provides refreshments. A walking circuit starts near the kiosk and goes down into an open cut, Balaclava Mine, and through a tunnel that was cut during gold mining days. Unfortunately, it is feared that authorities may close the tunnel. There is also an historic cemetery which is of interest to many. A designated area has been set aside for camping. The reserve was increased in area late in 2002. VicRoads Map 45 J4. Topographic map: Whroo 7924-4-3 1:25,000 (VicMap).

linkSee Heathcote-Graytown National Park page for more information on this reserve.

Whymoul Precinct, Murray Valley National Park
Located 18km west of Wakool and near the intersection of Tulla Road and Barham-Moulamein Road, the two sections of this degraded forest (SF575) feature Red Gum forest, Box Forest and sandhills.
Judging by its condition, it seems to be popular with locals and with anglers. This forest was given national park status on 1st July 2010 and is now managed by the NSW Parks and Wildlife Service.

Box Trees in Whymoul Forest (K Stockwell)

Willbriggie precinct, Murrumbidgee Valley Regional Park
This 922 hectare Red Gum wetland lies alongside the Murrumbidgee River at Darlington Point. The Natural Resources Commission of NSW recommended that it be part of the proposed Murrumbidgee National Park. A new 1,197 hectare regional park of which Willbriggie is a precinct, was declared in July 2010.

linksee Murrumbidgee Valley National Park

Wills Bend, Murray River Park
Located alongside the Murray River downstream of Echuca, at the end of O'Dwyer Road (VicRoads Map 31 C3), Wills Bend is a popular camping, fishing and picnicking area. Bird watchers are usually pleased with the variety of birds found here and in the Torrumbarry area generally. Wills Bend is now part of Murray River Park, a long discontinuous strip of public land alongside the Murray River in Victoria.

Winlaton NCR (proposed)
An 86 ha chenopod scrubland has been purchased by DSE along the Benjeroop-Tresco Road (north side) east of Lake Tuchewop.

Wooloondool precinct, Murrumbidgee Valley Regional Park
Located about 7km west of Hay, this 55 hectare forest is part of the Murrumbidgee Valley Regional Park.

Woolshed Swamp Wildlife Area, Boort
This 472 hectare ephemeral wetland reserve is located south of Boort. When containing water, it is an important waterbird breeding area. Part of the swamp is a 'Wildlife Area' and part is an 'Historic and Cultural Features Reserve'. VicRoads Map 29 D4

Wooroonook Lakes Wildlife (State Game) Reserve ~ ephemeral wetland between Donald and Charlton. VicRoads Map 28 E6.

Woperana Forest, Murray Valley National Park
258 hectares in area, Woperana State Forest lies alongside the Murray River west of Tocumwal.
The Natural Resources Commission of NSW recommended that it be part of the new National Park which has a number of non-contiguous blocks.

linkMap showing location of Woperana Forest and adjacent blocks of the Murray Valley National Park

Wychitella Nature Conservation Reserve
Wychitella Nature Conservation Reserve comprises several fragmented reserves totalling approximately 9,000 hectares around Wedderburn. It is an undulating area with a range of vegetation from mallee scrub to Melaleuca Scrub to Box/Ironbark forest. In springtime, following good winter rains, the area is alive with wattles, Flame Heath (Astroloma), orchids, Hop Bush (Dodonaea), Correa, Grevillea, Hakea and other wildflowers. Nowhere are you likely to see orchids in such profusion, so thick that it is sometimes almost impossible in places to walk without standing on some.

The Nature Conservation Reserve incorporates the former Wychitella Flora Reserve and some other areas of public land. Grazing is no longer permitted in the reserve. Prospecting activities are allowed with the permission of the land manager.

The public land is largely linked by freehold land with substantially intact native vegetation; co-operative arrangements may be made with adjacent landholders in due course. Some privately-owned land is protected by a conservation covenant. Bush Heritage Fund's Judith Eardley Reserve of well over 300 hectares adjoins the western side of the Park and protects grassy woodland. Many landholders are participating in a revegetation scheme to provide and protect habitat for Lowan (Mallee Fowl).

Old reservoir, Koorong Vale Block (K Stockwell).

The Korong Vale Block is be entered on a dirt track which starts west of Korong Vale and continues south-west toward Wedderburn. There are no sign posts (so maps are needed) and an aqueduct crossing will deter many motorists. With care, however, the aqueduct can be crossed successfully. South-west of the aqueduct is an artificial lake (see photo above) which is an ideal camping spot. This is also an excellent place for bird watching. A cross-country circuit walk of the reserve can start here...but it is necessary to have a map and compass! Pushing through thick Melaleuca scrub is slow and tedious but affords a chance to hear or catch a glimpse of the elusive Mallee Fowl. There are some delightful creeks which can be followed. There are some disused aqueducts which can be followed in place of roads.

Immediately south of the reservoir, a seldom-used track heads west off the Korong Vale-Wedderburn track. It is well worth walking along this track. Look for wrens, pardalotes, thornbills, Southern Scrub Robin, Gilbert Whistler, Yellow-tufted Honeyeater, White-eared Honeyeater, Fuscous Honeyeater and Common Bronzewing.

Some large blocks can be accessed from Old Wedderburn-Boort Road and from Wedderburn-Wychitella Road. A large private bushland property along the old Wedderburn-Boort Road is protected by a Trust for Nature covenant and several other property holders are participating in a scheme to protect habitat for the Malleefowl (Lowan).

Wattle Track heads east from the Wychitella-Wedderburn Road near the northern boundary of the park. Malleefowl (Lowan) are sometimes sighted near the start of the track. After about a kilometre, Wattle Track detours around a Lowan mound. White-browed Babblers are often observed along the track, as are Weebills and a variety of honeyeaters.

A dwarf form of Gold Dust Wattle (Acacia acinacea) grows in the reserve.

Gold Dust Wattle in bloom
Korong Vale Block, Wychitella NCR (K Stockwell)

The Calder Highway can be followed north from Wedderburn to the Skinners Reservoir turnoff. Alongside the track, at Skinners Creek Reservoir, which was dry when I visited in April 2007, is a picnic ground. The Skinners Flat Block allows easy cross-country walking. It is best to commence a walk a few kilometres past the reservoir. It is possible to scale Mt Kerang and then walk into the nearby Wychitella Block where a profusion of orchids can be seen in Spring. Most ridges have kangaroo pads atop them and these can be followed quite easily.

Unfortunately, there is cleared private land between some of the blocks and this may frustrate those who like long bush walks. However, some blocks are linked with land that is still covered in bush. It is hoped that co-operative arrangements can be made with the owners of the freehold bushland.

It takes more than just a weekend to explore this little known but fascinating jewel. There are no facilities for the general public and most visitors are natural historians, bushwalkers and birders. Nearby Mt Korong NCR is worth visiting: it is well worth the steep climb to the top to enjoy a 360 degree view of the surrounding area.

Much of reserved area has been exploited in the past. There is evidence of gold mining, forestry, eucalyptus-oil distillation and thoughtless bulldozing. Some of the intermittent water courses and tracks are quite badly eroded. But the spring wildflower display is still sensational.

There are some large quarries near reserved areas.

2,780 hectares were added to the reserve in 2004.

CFA Region 2 Directory, Map 249 C and E. Topographic map: Wedderburn-Kinypanial 7625-S 1:50,000. VicRoads Map 29 B6 C7 and C8.

See Parks Victoria web site and/or Chris Tsaros book Wildlife of the Box-Ironbark Country for maps and more about Wychitella NCR.

Wyperfeld National Park
This huge national park lies to the west of the region covered by this site. The Friends of Wyperfeld have published an outstanding book on this park but all copies of the first edition have been sold. See
Parks Victoria web site.

Wyuna River Reserve (now part of Lower Goulburn National Park)
Wyuna, derived from the Koori word for "clear water" (waioona), is a locality north of Kyabram. Agnes Road runs from the Murray Valley Highway, just east of Wyuna township, to Wyuna River Reserve alongside the Goulburn River.
This area is now part of the new Lower Goulburn National Park. Wyuna River Reserve covered around 201ha (over 400 acres) and has been fenced and restored by Wyuna Landcare Group, the Irrigation Committee of Goulburn Murray Catchment Management Authority and the Department of Sustainability & Environment.

This lovely reserve gives an indication of what pre-European vegetation looked like and is one of the best natural areas in northern Victoria. Dominant trees are Red Gum (E. Camaldulensis), Grey Box (E. microcarpa) and, in places, Yellow Box (E. melliodora). The Bush Stone Curlew and the Squirrel Glider still live here. Two families of Tree Goanna (Varannus varius) have been recorded here. At least 110 plant species have been recorded in the reserve, including Creeping Mint (Mentha saturoides) and Leafy Templetonia (Templetonia stenophylla). Since cattle were fenced out of the reserve, the understorey has recovered remarkably well, despite several years of drought. In particular, native grasses, Gold Dust Wattle (Acacia acinacea) , Silver Wattle (Acacia dealbata) and Chinese Scrub (Cassinia sp) have recovered well. Nest boxes made of hollow branches have been placed in some of the trees and there are information shelters at some entrances. There is a delightful sandbank on the reserve side of the Goulburn River which should appeal to bathers and anglers. Over 100 bird species have been observed in the reserve. A draft management plant was released in 2006.

Topographic map: Nathalia South 7925-4-N.

Location map and information about Wyuna Landcare Group

Click to download a pdf brochure on birding spots of Wyuna and Kanyapella.

Yambuna Bridge Bushland
44 hectares of native bushland alongside the Goulburn River upstream of Echuca Village. This bushland area is part of the new Lower Goulburn National Park. VicRoads Map 31 H3/4.

Yando Lake
~ see Lake Yando Wildlife Area.

Yanga National Park
Yanga is a 76,000ha national park alongside the Murrumbidgee River in New South Wales near Balranald. It has a number of blocks, two of which were split by the 628 hectare Kietta State Forest until Kietta, too, became part of the national park.
The park was officially opened to the public in 2009.

A former grazing and cropping station, the property features areas of indigenous grassland, Black Box-Nitre Goosefoot swamp, Belah-Rosewood woodlands, saltbush plain and riverine vegetation dominated by River Red Gum. It was purchased at the invitation of the previous owners in 2005.

Yanga Lake was found by F.A. Gwynne is 1845. Yangar Lake Station (Tala Run) was held by George Hobler in the 1840s. In 1846 a land act was passed, requiring squatters to tender for runs. Mr Hobler was unsuccesful with his bid. The Tala Run was purchased by the famous WC Wentworth in 1846, roughly two years before the establishment of the township of Balranald. In the 1850s Augustus Morris purchased Tala Run and it became known as Yanga. Ownership of the station changed hands several times over the following years. In 1924 105,000 acres of Yanga was surveyed into 14 smaller holdings. In drought and depression years, Yanga purchased back several of these smaller farms. Boom years followed World War Tswo. By the 1990s the station was running about 25,000 sheep over 88,000 acres and further irrigation works were carried out. The last muster was in November 2005, the year when Yanga was purchased by the NSW government.

Yanga Homestead was constructed bwetween 1862 and 1872. Improvements were carried out over the years. There is a free guided tour of the homestead at 10.30 daily if bookings have been made.

Over many years, a substantial garden was created around the homestead.

At a 2006 wetlands forum in Leeton, Ross McDonnell of the NSW Department of Environment and Conservation spoke about Yanga, near Balranald. This is an unofficial summary of his address:

On the invitation of its then owners,Yanga Station was acquired by the NSW government late in 2005. Around 80,000ha in area, it contained the largest privately-owned River Red Gum forest in NSW. Located on the 300,000 Lowbidgee floodplain, Yanga features 17,000 ha of wetlands and water-dependant vegetation and 150km of Murrumbidgee River frontage.

The ecology of Yanga has been affected by grazing, dams in the upper catchment, two local weirs, an irrigation area with public and privately-funded infrastructure, feral animals and the conversion of a drainage system to a supply system with a resultant increase in farmed land and a reduction in native biota.

As Yanga occurs at the 'bottom' end of the Lowbidgee irrigation area, the co-operation of local land-holders in the management of the reserve is essential.

10,000ha of farmed land is to be sold and an effort is to be made to restore the remaining 70,000ha to a healthy ecological condition. One third of the Red Gum is dead, one-third is dying and the remaining third is in good condition. There is an extensive area of Black Box and Lignum which could do with a water.

Waterbird numbers are down by 90% on pre-European numbers.

Restoring the area is a great challenge. Getting environmental water to the new park is proving very difficult and costly. The park recently received a huge bill which needs to be paid if the park is to retain its water license. About 150 gigalitres is required for the wetlands and this amount of water will be costly.

Feral animal control is another issue. 1,000km of fox bait stations has been laid and over 335 pigs have already been killed.

When it contains floodwater, the park is expected to become a mecca for bird observers ~ 'a Kakadu of the south' perhaps. The main attraction is likely to be the opportunity to boat along an isolated 150km stretch of the Murrumbidgee.(End of summary).

• The park is now officially open to the public.

• Yanga Homestead is open for tours (commencing at 10.30am daily) by prior arrangement. The Homestead precinct and exhibition in the Cook's Cottage are open daily. The extensive Heritage Gardens at the Homestead are tended to by "Friends of Yanga", a community volunteer group who visit and work in the gardens on a regular basis. Yanga Homestead precinct has car parking, toilets, tables and seating, wheelchair access, information and the Yanga National Park Office.

• Murrumbidgee Valley State Conservation Area was created in July 2010 from the former Yanga State Conservation Area. It covers an area of 33,890 hectares

link arrowNSW Parks and Wildlife Service page on Yanga National Park

link arrowInformation about camping sites in Yanga National Park

Yarradda precinct, Murrumbidgee Valley National Park
Yarradda is a 1034 hectare Red Gum wetland on the southern side of the Murrumbidgee River west of Darlington Point.

Yassom Swamp Flora and Fauna Reserve
This wetland reserve west of Lake Charm occupies 362 hectares. Access is off the Bael Bael-Boga Road. VicRoads Map 20 C3.

Youanmite NCR
This reserve is located south of Katamatite on the north side of Youanmite Road. Formerly part of a farm, this relatively new reserve was purchased from a farmer. It was the original site for Youanmite township, but the township relocated when a railway was built a short distance to the north. The reserve is a grassy woodland which lacks a shrub layer. Trees include Grey Box, Buloke and Red Gum. Birds often observed here include Flame Robin (in winter), Brown Tree-creeper, Weebill, Golden Whistler, Red-rumped Parrot, White-winged Chough, Magpie Lark and Restless Flycatcher. 36 degrees 09 minutes south; 145 degrees 40 minutes east. VicRoads Map 33 C4.

Youarang Natural Features Reserve
The 219 hectare Youarang Natural Features Reserve comprises four reaches of the Broken Creek, beginning south of Yundool village and continuing downstream almost as far as the Broken-Boosey State Park. Although its total length is approximately 17km, it is only between 58 metres and 436 metres in width. It forms part of a vegetation corridor along Broken Creek.

The reserve protects remnant grassy Box woodland with shrubs, a vegetation type greatly depleted as a result of human activity.

This reserve shares a management plant with Broken-Boosey State Park and with other similar reserves in the area.

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 Abbreviations: NP=National Park; NCR=Nature Conservation Reserve; SF=State Forest; TSR=Travelling Stock Route Reserve

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Created April 1997; redesigned and amended February 2006; last revision October 2012 by Keith Stockwell. The information above is based on various DSE publications, Box-Ironbark Investigative reports, newspaper articles, tourist brochures, bird surveys, maps, word of mouth, emails and personal observation. E&OE: if you detect errors or wish to make suggestions, email stocky at mcmedia dot com dot au